The life cycle to Modern Learning Practice

Modern learning pedagogy is likely to be a long slow journey, with a number of mistakes made along the way, and it’s not always going to be easy.

Headspace is key, advises Vicki Hagenaars. You need to have your head in that space; to have been immersed and exposed to a number of different environments. It is essential to listen to the students as well. Students will often raise questions or requirements that may not have otherwise have been considered.

Often the stages taken are 1) connectivity, 2) a change in environment, and 3) then a change in the way of learning via, for instance, communities and reflective portfolios.

One of the initial things that was used in step 1 in the example Vicki shared was a blog (blogspot) – that was owned and populated by the students. The site has now had over 1000 hits, and the students are delighted. It was quite a big step forward for senior management as they weren’t sure about having the students voices and images out in the public space.

This was the caterpillar stage. The computers went into the classrooms, and the desktops were, over time, replaced by laptops. The infrastructure, however, was really dodgy. This has since changed.

The process is slow, and often painful. The caterpillar has to disintegrate and re-assemble into the butterfly to then emerge and fly.

The art of teaching is the art of assisting discovery…
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Creative writing with Year 10

Image of a smart phone on the top of the student's writingCreative writing in school can often be formulaic…you teach this, the students learn this, and then they write a story.

Tamara decided to change the format. Building on an idea from Primary (Tamara is in the secondary sector), the story was to be short and sweet and based around the theme of conflict. The students made their own background. Over the school holidays the students had to design their own setting (in a virtual world or otherwise) in which their short story was based. The short story therefore had an additional element – a tangible setting that could be manipulated.

One student created a video game, another created a world in Minecraft, and printed it off on the school’s 3D printer. It meant that students could combine some of the things that smoke their tyres, with learning English.

Questions were used as a guide to help develop the setting, and then reflect on some of the decisions they made. Other questions were used to connect in the story.

Students had a short story, setting, video…and the next steps were how to pull everything together to display it. QR codes offered a simple solution to pull together the written word, the images, and the video of the student speaking about their process.

This is a unit of work that will be displayed and they can feel proud of.

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Ways forward: One year on

What happens when a school isn’t working – for the learners, the community, and the teachers? Sometimes it’s a case of bringing in the broom, working with leadership, and then starting again.

Gavin shared his story from the Board resigning, the Commission coming in, and the subsequent changes in leadership. The school is now undergoing a process of revisioning, which includes consultation with the community and with the learners. The arising challenges include the pace of change. The pressure is on to make a difference from day one for learners – and progress is more important than attainment.

Other key factors that will help ensure the school can keep up with the rate of change include setting expectations clearly and co-constructing these if possible, and supporting staff to step up and take responsibility for their professional development.

In 2014 a survey with students illustrated that students appreciated the integration of technology into the curriculum, but that staff did’t value this. As a result, in 2015, this has become a non-negotiable. Staff development is tracked, and student voice is collected every 2 terms, and community voice is collected once a term.

Constant reflection is one of the requirements of ensuring that this level of impact is continued.

Massive change is possible, but, as Gavin’s story illustrates, it isn’t comfortable. Some people found it so uncomfortable in this case, they have chosen to leave. The benefits for learners however, appear to be huge. Can’t wait to see some of the emerging results from this change.

Image: Silverdale students, From the Silverdale Primary School Web site.

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Examples of what happens when learners connect

Student voice and student agency are key to learning. However, this doesn’t always seem to be an unquestioned (inconvenient?) ‘truth’.

Lorraine Makatu explains what happens when student agency is supported and nurtured.

Mangere Central School has sister schools in Bali, and Lorraine shares some of the experiences of students who start to explore different places and life experiences in Indonesia and Jakarta, for example. The school web site is the portal, and the families are able to go in and see and ask questions. The students asked questions like: ‘what did they eat?’, ‘Are they on Facebook?’, and ‘Will they Snapchat with me?’. It was a reality check when one Skype call used the whole Bali school’s data for the week.

The students are also involved in local projects such as the SH20 upgrade, where students are working with the environmental managers of the project to help ensure the environment around the school is protected. For example, a culvert was dug and some eels were found. So now, all of the eels are being relocated. The health and safety manager is also being shadowed by one of the students – they are making connections with what is in the school such that students are walking around saying things like ‘someone will trip on these shoes’.

These are great illustrations of transference – making connections between knowledge domains, and applying the learnings across them. They also show how students are developing identities, taking on roles, and making connections between their current world views and the other domains around them.

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Me you us: Learning connections

Me, us, you – over time we make connections, grow and expand out thinking. Over time we come back together in groups to connect with people we know. The collaborations that develop from those connections can be incredibly powerful.

Heather Eccles, Krishna Ramadugu, and Geoff Wood highlight that much of their professional learning has been about specific collaborations and connections that they have made, initially by being part of the Virtual Professional Learning Development (VPLD) programme. Krishna talked about light and what it means to her: “It’s the lamp of knowledge that can light the fire of thousands more and yet not diminish in its brilliant. It benefits both the giver and the receiver”.

Krishna made contact with Geoff, who heads up the Over the Back Fence (OTBF) project. Where there are connections between students with the older students leading sessions for the younger students (tuakana teina). There have also been sessions where authors have beamed in for sessions with the students, and connecting different cultures with groups in India.

Some of the outcomes, for all the learners, have included the enjoyment of students learning from each other in a way that is experience driven, rather than content driven. It has encouraged students to engage and participate, and to embrace new literacies, as well as developing a deep sense of fulfilment in sharing. Curiosity has developed along with a desire to learn and succeed.

Geoff and Anne Kenealley started to talk about connecting classrooms at a bus stop after a conference. Since then the project has burgeoned, with students running sessions online with other students around the world. The connections have been amazing, opening up worlds and windows on cultures and understandings that otherwise wouldn’t have been possible. It’s the global connections – the questioning of early-formed beliefs, and a way of helping the youth shape their understandings of the world.

Going back to the whole notion of connections – they are myriad. They involve young learners, older learners, teachers, education leaders…all with a thirst for learning and eye for the potential of the affordances of technology. Bringing us back to…it’s not the technology…it’s what you do with it!!

So – what connections are you making? How are you exploring and opening up the world of learning for yourself? How are you empowering your learners to open up their own world?

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Experiential learning, reciprocity, and innovation…

We are so lucky to live for as much of our time as possible in a place up in the north of New Zealand, that we love.

Over the last 5 or so years (and after doing a lot of homework) we have planted over 20,000 trees and plants (see pic on the left to see what it looked like in Year 1!). We have planted a lot of native trees, heaps of trees for bird food, and a lot of plants that have blossom for bees (see pic on right for a Year 4 comparison – including over 500 lavender plants, and a couple of hundred rosemary plants).

Through trial and error, as well as by seeking advice from the wonderful folk in the neighbourhood, we learned what would and wouldn’t grow, when and where. We also planted our orchard, and have planned our veggie gardens.

Next step – the bees. A while ago I’d bought a book on beekeeping, and decided that full scale beekeeping may be a step too far…but I had heard, and read a bit, about folks who were keen to keep their hives in suitable places such as (fingers crossed) ours. By dint of a chance conversation, Grant Engel from Revolutionary Beekeeping Ltd came to see our place, and to my delight, is going to bring his fabulous bees to work with us!

Grant will come to check on the bees to make sure they are healthy and well-fed, and he also harvests the honey they produce with his innovative mobile honey harvester (see videos below for a demonstration). In return, these fabulous insects will make the most of the blossoms, including in our orchard and (soon) veggie garden, and in turn do a wonderful job of fertilising the flowers so we get fruit and veg. O – and the pot of honey a month will be a fabulous treat – plus we get to be serenaded by gentle buzzing.

I love the reciprocity of the whole cycle, and was also particularly impressed with Grant’s enthusiasm for his bees and for beekeeping. Revolutionary Beekeeping states that they will not only “provide a service that will support, educate and fairly reward our clients”, but that they will also “continue to create innovative technology that will make beekeeping easier and more enjoyable”, and “focus on the health and sustainability of beekeeping as it plays a vital role in global food production” (source). Can’t be better than that!

At the end of the day – the whole process has been about planning, finding out what is needed, applying, learning (often through mistakes), hard work, trying different approaches, and figuring out next steps…sound familiar? :)

.

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Reaching over 30 countries and 25 million learners: I can + design thinking

This inspirational video illustrates very clearly what an incredible responsibility we have as educators. A reaction can undermine a learner’s confidence, and leave them with an “I can’t response” if we’re not really careful. However, sometimes from set backs, great things can grow, and Kiran Bir Sethi, from Ahmedabad, India, after her son experienced a blow to his learning, has started a “movement of empowerment and education that has reached over 30 countries – impacting more than 25 million children. She shares with the audience what happens when learning environments are infected by the ‘I CAN’ bug and how design thinking has been used to create empowered individuals who can be agents of change” (source).

The description that accompanies the video reads “Kiran Bir Sethi is a designer and director of The Riverside School, but also the founder of the ‘Design for Change’ – the world’s largest movement of change – of and by children. Based on four simple steps – Feel, Imagine, Do and Share – children around the world have developed ideas and projects to drive social change in their society. She shows vivid and inspiring cases of social transformation that promotes optimism in education. Her talk asserts that new and better things are possible and that each of us can make change happen. After this talk, you will realize that change is the result of a process that can be consciously nurtured and energized ” (source).

Would be great to hear what you think about the ‘I can’ approach underpinned by design thinking – and similar things that you are undertaking with your learners (of all ages). Please leave responses in the comments below.

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A guide to creating and hosting your podcasts

Shared by Darren DeMatas, How to Make a Podcast, is a really clear, easy-to-follow, step-by-step guide, which uses a range of multimedia to demonstrate and inform anyone who is interested in podcasting.

The guide also includes some indicative pricing if you are serious about getting into podcasting.

Buzzsprout, who produced the guide, offers a hosting option. The option has a free plan available, and you don’t need to enter your credit card details to sign up.

I’d highly recommend this guide!

 

Image: Publish once update everywhere. From the Buzzsprout site: http://www.buzzsprout.com/how-to-make-a-podcast

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What’s next? The NMC Horizon Report 2014 (HE)

Recommended by Richard Elliott in an eLearning Watch ‘extra’ (which you can subscribe to on his site), is the The NMC Horizon Report: 2015 Higher Education Edition.

A review of the report can be found by clicking this hyperlink . A brief highlight of some of the key aspects of the report is:

“The experts agreed on two long-term trends: advancing learning environments that are flexible and drive innovation, as well as increasing the collaboration that takes place between higher education institutions”.

“Regarding the challenges for universities and colleges, improving digital literacy is considered one of the solvable challenges”.

“Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) and the flipped classroom are expected to be increasingly adopted by institutions in one year’s time or less to make use of mobile and online learning. The time-to-adoption for makerspaces and wearable technology are estimated within two to three years, while adaptive learning technologies and the Internet of Things is expected to be mainstream in universities and colleges within four to five years.”

Well worth a read.

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Entertain people and make it fun…make people forget they are learning

I think there there are few in New Zealand and beyond who will not be aware of Nigel Latta. He has been involved in a few TV series and documentaries, including around education.

Starting with a discussion about science, Nigel talked about his experience of doing a session about gravity hanging out of a window, and then another about hyperthermia…and what it’s like to hang out a window in an uncomfortable harness, and then standing in a freezer for an hour and 15 minutes in a shirt. Interestingly, it was when he came out that he started to get hyperthermic.

He mentioned that he likes engaging people in education – and science is seen as a “distant aunt who doesn’t come to the Christmas dinner and that type of stuff”. “If you are talking to kids about climate change”…”it’s all important, but as you read the supporting documents a little bit of your start to shrivel up”. “It’s about engaging people in the world”. Rather, if you say “do you want to see something that’s freakin’ cool…which could is going to say no?”. Nigel demonstrated with a time lapse view of the heart beat of the planet as ice forms and melts.

Using the example of the ‘story’ of the Harley Davison and the image as a way of hooking people in, realising that “the stuff that you’ve got is really cool”. “Maths is the perfect example. I went all the way through school thinking that maths was boring”. It was only later that he realised that maths is fascinating, and exciting! (and highlighted a podcast about Prime numbers where the speaker was incredibly passionate).

Nigel moved on to the question “Why does a civilisation dominated by experts find it so difficult to respond to reality rather than ideology?” (John Ralston Saul), and talked about some instances where experts from outside of communities make decisions that make no sense in context. It is underpinned by the notion that “providers are self-interested whereas providers in Wellington has everybody’s interest at heart”. He moved on to a quote by Edward de Bono “you can’t dig a hole in a different place by digging the same hole deeper” – in other words doing the “same old same old stuff doesn’t work” you keep doing the same thing!

Statistically stuff changes in people’s lives, so if you stand close enough to some of the “worst cases” you are able to benefit from some of the reflected glory – it was said humorously, but it made a great point. He goes on to describe listing all your assumptions, and crossing off all you are sure off and then the two or three that are left over at the end of the process they are often the ones that contain the seed of what is actually happening and might be influenced.

“When it comes to thinking we are not very good at it”. Nigel gave a thumbnail sketch from the beginning of the universe to now, and on the way through indicated that humans developed to cooperate, collaborate, and create. Part of this process is refining tools and tweaking them to do things that haven’t been done before – and Nigel showed the video of the astronaut who made the first music video in space. In part it was to show that curiosity and ‘amazement’ can lead to astounding progressions…some of which are to make life better. He also made the point that “basically we are using the same stone age brain”.

We also have a way of filtering what we do or do not believe, giving the example of standing on the scales weighing yourself – “if you like the number you see” you accept it, if you don’t “you get off and fiddle with the knobs” etc. We are pretty poor when it comes to thinking and making decisions. Some of it, system 1 thinking is instinctual (e.g. and angry cat), the system 2 takes a lot of energy and brains don’t necessarily want to expend a lot of energy, especially when humans were hunting and gathering. “If a bat and a ball together cost $1.10, and the bat costs $1 more than the ball…how much does the ball cost?” (answer below :D). We didn’t develop to solve problems like this, and we haven’t developed to have the number of relationships we currently do. Which means we are having to adapt and change…and that is why “change is so hard”.

The more we do something the more we ‘hard-wire’ it into our brains. For instance, if we learn the piano it starts off as difficult but then gets easier…and we can’t ‘un-learn’ it. So – change is really uncomfortable as we are having to ‘re-wire’. Human beings are therefore influenced by this, and are pretty terrible at making decisions. It’s really worth checking out Daniel Kahneman and his research. As such, the idea of certainty is the most dangerous thing. We all make dumb decisions, and understanding that we make such poor decisions and planning is a myth.

All the time “opinion is reported as fact”, and research is misinterpreted and incorrectly summarised and presented. Therefore, Nigel feels that data is really important and can provide parts of a puzzle that can inform the picture – and opinions – we then form. Data tells you things about the world that you don’t know (however – note from me – a caveat is that it does depend on how the human(s) who collect the data, interpret it – humans have been ‘certain’ about things based on data, until it has been re-interpreted, often when other data becomes available).

Nigel then moved on to talk about Carol Dweck’s work about fixed and growth mindsets. “If you have the growth mindset and feedback … when you get the option you will go for the hard option” – the growth mindset. So, it’s more positive to say to a young learner that ‘that was really good, you worked really hard’, rather than, ‘that was really good, you’re really smart’. The former keeps the door open, even in the face of things going wrong – encouraging experimentation and risk, the latter – when you hit a snag, suggests that you are not smart. Anything is possible for almost all human beings, it’s all to do with strategy, attitude and effort. “Human beings work on a growth mindset model”.

John Hattie’s research, “Visible Learning”, has collected data that illustrates, for example, class size doesn’t matter, but micro-teaching and feedback does (you can find a brief summary on this site). The most powerful predictor of success is students’ expectation of themselves. So, if you have an environment with young learners and a constant focus of raising expectations of themselves, there is likely to be a consistent raising of achievement. You can change people’s expectations of themselves!

Nigel brought us back to engagement, and how to engage people – or how people become engaged. Often big industries are risk averse, such as TV. He told the story of how he got worked to get the opportunity to make a programme in the Antarctic. What he really hopes is that “kids will start to watch this and think science is really cool”, and want to get into science as a profession. “There are jobs that you can do in science that are astoundingly interesting”. This has led him to make a science show to bring science back to TV – and making it interesting, fun, and relevant.

I really enjoyed this session – entertaining, thought-provoking, a little bit provocative. It definitely provided some ideas around ‘how’. Your thoughts? Please share in the comments below :D

Images

2011-07-29‘ http://www.flickr.com/photos/84554176@N00/6298140320 Found on flickrcc.net
Cave Deer‘ http://www.flickr.com/photos/28110584@N04/2973134645 Found on flickrcc.net
AK3‘  http://www.flickr.com/photos/34097675@N04/5275351422 Found on flickrcc.net
Answer to maths problem = 5 cents
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